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how can the energy industry achieve integrated development under the "double carbon" goal? expert: new energy cannot be ventured alone-凯发官方网站

addtime:2023-02-04    author:xinyuren    hits:1016

china energy storage network news: under the "double carbon" goal, the energy industry has undergone profound changes, and various energy structures are also facing various challenges.
on december 29, the report on the integrated development of the energy industry in the context of "double carbon" (hereinafter referred to as "the report") was released. the experts at the meeting said that the intermittent and unstable nature of new energy determines that it cannot be developed alone, and cannot advance alone, otherwise it will pose a great threat to the security of the entire energy supply.
experts said that on the one hand, we should consider the irreplaceable role of traditional energy, on the other hand, we should strengthen the construction of energy storage in combination with the development characteristics of the integration of scenery and water, and carry out some flexible transformation, that is, first establish and then break, so as to ensure the safe and stable supply of energy.
promote the integrated development of energy industry
on december 29, the carbon neutralization industry cooperation center of china energy research association and the energy development research institute of china southern power grid jointly released the report on the integrated development of energy industry in the context of "double carbon". it is reported that the integrated development of energy industry refers to the effective adaptation in time and space by promoting the integration and coordination between different energy types within the energy system and between the external socio-economic system, and coupling with key elements such as advanced technology and finance, so as to form a more efficient, environmentally friendly, low-carbon and sustainable energy ecosystem as a whole.
the integrated development of energy industry includes multiple dimensions. first, the integration of energy types. with the improvement of the level of electrification, the integration of different types of primary and secondary energy with electricity as the core should be strengthened; the second is the integration of technology dimensions, including energy technology, energy facilities and information technology. it is necessary to strengthen the integration through new technologies and new means such as cloud technology, internet of things, artificial intelligence, digital twins, and improve the efficiency of energy operation.
it is undeniable that there are many problems in the security mechanism for the integrated development of the energy industry at this stage. as mentioned in the above report, some key issues still need to be studied and broken through, such as whether the landscape energy storage can be competent for transformation, the core technology has not been completely solved, and the institutional mechanism has not been completely smooth. the goal of "double carbon" needs the efforts of the government and the market in both directions. at present, the role of the market is not enough. whether it is electricity or oil and gas market, the market mechanism and path have not been fully established. there are also many risks in the process of energy transformation and integrated development, such as overcapacity, price rise too fast, income less than expected, asset stranding risk, financial risk, trade friction risk, security risk, etc., which need special attention.
the above report suggests that we should improve the market mechanism. we will accelerate the establishment of a unified national electricity market system, promote the full participation of renewable energy in electricity market transactions, and explore the establishment of a linkage mechanism between green electricity trading and carbon trading. accelerate the construction of a total energy price system that meets the requirements of the "double carbon" goal, further improve the marketization mechanism of coal and electricity prices, and improve the price formation and cost sharing mechanism conducive to the consumption of renewable energy. improve the electricity price policy on the sales side, give full play to the potential of the demand side, and improve the flexibility of the power system.
the new power system should be established first and then broken.
for traditional energy, after the "double carbon" target is proposed, the industry is facing huge challenges. in the future, the proportion of renewable energy and distributed energy such as photovoltaic and wind power will rise. building a new power system with new energy as the main body requires the smooth conversion of new and old kinetic energy.
lin weibin, vice president and professor of the institute of innovation and development of beijing normal university, told the reporter of the china times that the intermittent and unstable nature of new energy determines that it cannot be developed alone and can not advance alone, otherwise it will pose a great threat to the security of the entire energy supply. in 2021, the imbalance between supply and demand of electricity occurred in some regions of the country, and the extreme situation of power rationing occurred. therefore, in the short term, the energy system supply should achieve the integrated development of traditional energy and new energy. on the one hand, the irreplaceable role of traditional energy should be taken into account. on the other hand, the construction of energy storage should be strengthened and some flexible transformation should be carried out in combination with the development characteristics of the integration of scenery and water. that is to say, first establish and then break, so as to ensure the safe and stable supply of energy.
wu yin, the academic consultant of the china energy research association and former deputy director of the national energy administration, told the reporter of the china times that we should first establish and then break. we can't throw away the original "eating guy" before the new energy system is established. fossil energy must explore a new path of low-carbon development to support the better development of new energy. for example, some coal enterprises have gradually reduced their application in the field of fuel, explored the application in the field of raw materials, explored how to reduce carbon emissions, do a good job in coal chemical industry, and do a good job in the integration of traditional energy and new energy.
lin weibin also mentioned that at present, the biggest adjustment in the conversion of new and old kinetic energy is the problem of system cost. the penetration rate of wind power generation reached about 12% in 2021, and the problem of cost absorption is not prominent, but the penetration rate reached the stage of 15% to 30%, and the system cost will be a very prominent problem. we must tap the potential of the integrated development of new energy and traditional energy, carry out institutional innovation, and rely on the transformation of technical system, to solve the problem of system cost.
source: china times
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